Melasma (also called Chloasma) is an acquired hyperpigmentation that occurs in the exposed areas (due to sunlight), most often on the face. It may be associated with:
- Pregnancy & Contraceptive Pills (in women)
- Thyroid Dysfunction
- Liver Disease
- Pelvic infections
- Certain Medication
The pigmentation usually evolves quite rapidly over weeks, particularly after exposure to sunlight. Melasma is more apparent / frequent in people with Dark Skin color (Pakistan, India, Middle-East, Asia and South America). Note: Both freckles and melasma are related to a genetic predisposition and direct sun exposure.
A physician plays a key role in the management of Melasma and Freckles, to find out an underlying medical ailment that can be corrected along with treating the Cosmetic Problem.
Over-the-counter-creams and treatments offered by spas / beauty parlors are not the right solution as they are very short lived and might even worsen the problem.
For the treatment of Melasma, the RIGHT Sun Protection has to be prescribed and followed.
A combination of Sun Block, Peeling Agents and Anti-Pigmentary Drugs prescribed by a Dermatologist would help you attain desirable result.